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Dr. Senia Febrica

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I am Senia Febrica. Currently, I am the Knowledge Exchange Associate of the One Ocean Hub (Law School), University of Strathclyde, Scotland. I am also an honorary senior researcher at the American Studies Center, Universitas Indonesia, and the Indonesian Institute of Advanced International Studies, Jakarta. Prior to this, I graduated in 2014 with a PhD in Politics from the University of Glasgow and was a Gerda Henkel Stiftung Post-Doctoral Fellow from 2015 to 2017.

My research sits at the intersection between International

Relations, Security Studies, and the study of international organizations. Specifically, it focuses on maritime security cooperation and the particular challenges it poses in the Southeast Asia region (paying special attention to Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines). Maritime security is important because of the growing violence and fatalities associated with piracy, armed robbery against ships, maritime terrorism, trafficking by sea, illegal fishing, and boundary disputes in Southeast Asia and beyond.


I have conducted research on cooperation to address marine pollution, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, piracy, and maritime terrorism in Southeast Asia. I have also examined the role of non-state actors (e.g. militarized non-governmental organizations and traditional authorities) in border security, conflict over natural resources, and customary marine tenure in Indonesia.


I am available to give talks, interviews, and paid consultancy on topics related to piracy, armed robbery against ships and maritime terrorism in Southeast Asia; Sulu-Sulawesi tri-border security; Indonesia’s port and maritime security; and customary marine tenure in Indonesia.



August 2020 - present

Knowledge Exchange Associate

One Ocean Hub (Law School), the University of Strathclyde
June 2020 - December 2025

Senior Research Fellow (Honorary)

American Studies Center, Universitas Indonesia
January 2015 - June 2020

Research Fellow (Honorary)

American Studies Center, Universitas Indonesia
August 2015 - October 2017

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Gerda Henkel Stiftung, Germany
January 2010 - December 2011, 2013, 2014

University Tutor

Politics 2B: International Relations, University of Glasgow, Scotland
June 2012 - February 2013

Research Fellow (Honorary)

The Scottish Centre for International Law, University of Edinburgh and the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, the United Nations, New York
2010 – present

Worldwide Support for Development-Haruhisa Handa Non Residential Fellow

Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Pacific Forum Hawaii
August 2006 - August 2009

Associate Lecturer

The European Studies Centre, and the Department of International Relations, Universitas Indonesia.


October 2009 - December 2014

PhD's Degree

PhD in Politics

University of Glasgow. Submission date: 17 December 2013. Award date: 2 December 2014.

PhD thesis: Explaining Indonesia’s Participation in Maritime Security Cooperation. Available from

September 2007 - September 2008

Master's Degree

MSc in International Politics

University of Glasgow, 2008.

John Peterson Prize for the best dissertation and overall performance in the MSc in International Politics

August 2002 - August 2006

Bachelor's Diploma

BA Hons. in International Relations

Universitas Indonesia (University of Indonesia), 2006.

Cum Laude Predicate Award, Universitas Indonesia, for the best Grade Point Average (GPA) in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (3.75/4.0).

Receiving Award on Stage



University of Strathclyde

Humanities and Social Sciences Impact Award - Early Career Winner

I am grateful and humbled to receive this year's Humanities & Social Sciences Impact Award - Early Career Winner. My submission to the 2023 Award focused on my research on “Maritime Security in the Indo-Pacific Region.” In particular, the research highlights the growing involvement of non-state actors in maritime security in Southeast Asia. These include pirates and perpetrators of armed robbery against ships, terrorist groups, fishing militias, and the paramilitary organisations. These insights have led to significant policy commitments. 

Public Library





Port Security and Preman Organizations in Indonesia

Cooperation, Interests and Strategies

The global war on terrorism created pressure for Indonesia to improve its security measures for dealing with maritime terrorism. Following the 9/11 attacks and the 2002 Bali bombings, Indonesia has improved the security of its major ports and entered various international agreements to ensure its trading activities are not impeded. At the same time, in a bid to secure small ports and coastal areas in various parts of the country, preman—self-supporting, autonomous paramilitary—organizations began to play a greater role. This book explores the involvement of preman organizations in securing ports and coastlines in Jakarta, North Sulawesi, and the Riau Islands. The security of ports and coastal areas in the three provinces is of international importance because of their proximity to major sea lanes of communication. This book carefully maps out the tensions, contradictions, and implications of the use of preman organizations in the realization of Indonesia’s efforts to be a truly democratic civil society.

Public Library

Navigating Between the Two Reefs: Indonesian Media and Government Representation of China and the United States.” in Middle Powers in the Indo-Pacific Region, Bond University & United States Naval War College


Analysing Indonesian Media and Government Representation of China.” British Journal of Chinese Studies 8:2, pp.89-119.  Co-author with S.Sudarman


Indonesia and the Indo-Pacific

Cooperation, Interests and Strategies

This book examines Indonesia’s strategies and policies to influence regional cooperation in the Indo-Pacific, focusing especially on Indonesia’s efforts to be the maritime fulcrum in the Indo-Pacific during President Joko Widodo’s (Jokowi) administration from 2014 until the present. Highlighting the importance of Indonesia as the largest country in Southeast Asia and as a founder member of ASEAN, the book, based on extensive original research, provides key insights into Indonesia’s maritime policy decision-making since 2014. It discusses the domestic political context in which foreign policy decisions are made, provides an explanation for Indonesia’s efforts to project its vision of Indo-Pacific cooperation at the ASEAN level and beyond, and demonstrates how Indonesia strives to maintain a delicate balance in its interactions with major powers in the region, including the United States, China, and Japan.  

Open Book



Open Book
November 10th, 2020

“Small Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice” published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

December 2020

“Biodiversity and Ecosystems.” published by the United Kingdom House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee, December 2020, with Professor Elisa Morgera & Dr Sian Rees



Recent Conference Participation

at the Regional Policy dialogue programme "A New Era of U.S.-Southeast Asia Relations."


In this interview with the Hollings Center I discussed what is the current state of U.S.-Indonesia relations? In what area can the U.S. and Indonesia collaborate on critical environmental issues in Southeast Asia ?

This video was recorded at the Regional Policy dialogue programme "A New Era of U.S.-Southeast Asia Relations," which took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in March 2023. During the dialogue programme, U.S.-Indonesia relations were a key focus.


Paper Presentation on “Kerjasama Keamanan Maritim dan Merancang Tata Kelola Kelautan."


Paper Presentation on “Kerjasama Keamanan Maritim dan Merancang Tata Kelola Kelautan,” the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) International Conference, 3 March 2016, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Paper presentation on “An Analysis of Indonesia’s Indo-Pacific Cooperation.”


Paper presentation on “An Analysis of Indonesia’s Indo-Pacific Cooperation” at the 11th South China Sea International Conference: Cooperation for Regional Security and Development, 6-7 November 2019, Hanoi, organised by the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, the Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


Discussant at “Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches.”


Discussant at “Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches,” 28 September 2020, organised by the One Ocean Hub, University of Strathclyde for the United Nations-Nippon Foundation Fellows and Alumni.


Senia Febrica

Senia Febrica

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